The situation in Nepal is getting desperate, with the UN estimating that eight million people have been affected by the Nepal earthquake. That is more than a quarter of the entire population of Nepal. The World Bank put the population of the low income Asian country at 27.8 million in 2013.

The 7.8-magnitude earthquake which hit Nepal on Saturday, has seen the death toll exceed the 4000 mark. This figure is expected to rise even further, possibly exceeding 10000. This is according to Mr Koirala, the Nepal Prime Minister. He told Reuters news agency that “the government is doing all it can for the rescue and relief on a war footing” in a “difficult hour” for Nepal.
All this begs the question; Can Nepal recover from this natural disaster?

Prognosis

The figures seem to suggest it will be incredibly tough. The United States Geological Survey estimates the economic losses from the Nepal earthquake may well exceed the GDP of Nepal. The country’s GDP stood at $19.29 billion in 2013.
In their models, the United States Geological Survey estimates the damage to be between $1-10 billion. With a 34-percent chance, that is the most likely (and merciful) scenario. The other scenarios paint a very bleak picture.
There is a 29-percent chance of the damage being between $10-100 billion. Nepal also has a 13-percent chance of seeing the figure top the $100 billion level. Mr Koirala and his compatriots can only hope that they are not that unlucky.
Nepal earthquake data

Nepal earthquake data estimated losses

Resources

Nepal is an impoverished state, with GDP per capita sitting at just $694 in 2013. This is less than half the amount in India, which had a GDP per capita of $1497 during the same period. It is then no surprise that Nepal’s neighbours India are playing such a big role in the disaster relief efforts.
Other nations and organisation’s such as the Gift of the Givers from South Africa have also streamed in to the capital Kathmandu.
Imtiaz Sooliman, the founder of the GIft of the Givers, said on Sunday that the organisation will be sending a team of 40 individuals. The team is made up of 40 highly-qualified medical and rescue personnel.

“They will be the search and rescue component with all the search and rescue equipment for rescue. Also with the advanced search and rescue team we are sending five medical specialists, three of which are from Nepal. They have already made arrangements for us to be received on the other side by medical teams. We will also be taking medical supplies for the hospitals and all those items that are required. We are sending tents, blankets and other items flown in from Dubai into Nepal.”

The teams will be equipped with some highly specialized rescue equipment, to assist any people still trapped in the rubble.
“The equipment includes a life locator. It is a special machine that once it is put on the ground, in three minutes it can tell you who is alive 10 meters under the rubble. It can locate who is breathing, whose head is moving and which building you should search in. And then we have what is called the search cam which is a video camera which we can then use to get into the building.”